A useful source of information regarding many different diagnoses can be found at Family Village.

For other information about common diagnoses, click any of the links below:

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder affects the way a child perceives the world and makes communication, and social development and interaction difficult. The child may also have repetitive behaviors or intense interests. Symptoms, and their severity, are different for each of the affected areas - Communication, Social Interaction, and Repetitive Behaviors. With autism spectrum disorder, a child may not have the same symptoms and may seem very different from another child with the same diagnosis. It is sometimes said that if you know one person with autism, you know one person with autism.

Useful resources and handouts regarding Autism Spectrum Disorder:

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Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is a genetic condition in which a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46. In most cases, Down syndrome occurs when there is an extra copy of chromosome 21. This form of Down syndrome is called Trisomy 21. The extra chromosome causes problems with the way the body and brain develop. Down syndrome is the most common single cause of human birth defects.

Useful resources and handouts regarding Down Syndrome:

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Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is condition, sometimes thought of as a group of disorders that can involve brain and nervous system functions such as movement, learning, hearing, seeing and thinking. There are several different types of cerebral palsy, including spastic, dyskinetic, ataxic, hypotonic, and mixed.

Useful resources and handouts regarding Cerebral Palsy:

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Speech and Language Delays

Speech is the sound that comes out of our mouths.

Language has to do with meanings, rather than sounds.

Language delay is when a child's language is developing in the right sequence, but at a slower rate.  Speech and language disorder describes abnormal language development.  Often referred to as "late talkers" by parents, delayed speech or language development is the most common developmental problem.  It affects five to ten percent of preschool kids.

Useful resources and handouts regarding Speech Problems and Language Delays:

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Many different things can happen in the ear to cause a hearing loss. The ear is divided into three parts: the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. These terms describe hearing loss where the part of the ear is not working in a usual way:

  • A conductive loss - hearing loss caused by something that stops sounds from getting through the outer or middle ear.
  • A sensorineural loss - hearing loss that occurs when there is a problem in the way the inner ear or hearing nerve works.
  • A mixed hearing loss - hearing loss that includes a conductive and a sensorineural hearing loss.

These terms describe the degree or the amount of hearing loss a child has:

  • Mild Hearing Loss - a person with a mild hearing loss may hear some speech sounds but soft sounds are hard to hear.
  • Moderate Hearing Loss - a person with a moderate hearing loss may hear almost no speech when another person is talking at a normal level.
  • Severe Hearing Loss - a person with severe hearing loss will hear no speech of a person talking at a normal level and only some loud sounds.
  • Profound Hearing Loss - a person with a profound hearing loss will not hear any speech and only very loud sounds.

These terms describe when the hearing loss happened:

  • Pre-lingual - the hearing loss occurred before the child learned to talk.
  • Post-lingual - the hearing loss occurred after the child learned to talk.

These terms describe the side or sides on which the hearing loss occurs:

  • Unilateral - there is a hearing loss in one ear.
  • Bilateral - there is a hearing loss in both ears.

Useful resources and handouts regarding Deafness/Hearing Loss:

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Blindness is the condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or neurological factors. Various scales have been developed to describe the extent of vision loss and define blindness. Total blindness is the complete lack of form and visual light perception and is clinically recorded as NLP, an abbreviation for "no light perception." Blindness is frequently used to describe severe visual impairment with residual vision. In the case of blind children, those described as having only light perception have no more sight than the ability to tell light from dark and the general direction of a light source.

Useful resources and handouts regarding Blindness/Visual Impairment:

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Other Diagnoses

Useful resources and handouts regarding other diagnoses:

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